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Appendix 2

Statistics New Zealand classifications and related standards for ethnicity, Māori descent, iwi affiliation, and language (used in the census).

Ethnicity is the ethnic group or groups that people identify with or feel they belong to. Ethnicity is a measure of cultural affiliation, as opposed to race, ancestry, nationality, or citizenship. Ethnicity is self-perceived and people can belong to more than one ethnic group.

The census definition for Māori descent is: A person has Māori descent if they are of the Māori race of New Zealand; this includes any descendant of such a person.

The census definition for iwi affiliation is: The iwi (tribe) today is the focal economic and political unit of the traditional Māori descent and kinship based hierarchy of:

 

Waka (founding canoe)
|
Iwi (tribe)
|

Hapū (sub-tribe)

|
Whānau (family)

The census definition for language is: Languages spoken provides information on which languages, and how many, a person can speak or use. This includes New Zealand Sign Language.

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