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Glossary

The definitions below are from Te Kāhui Māngai, the directory of iwi and Māori organisations (Te Puni Kōkiri, nd) unless otherwise specified.

Hapū: a sub-tribe; most iwi are comprised of two or more hapū, although a number of smaller iwi have marae but no hapū.

Iwi: in the context of Te Kāhui Māngai, an iwi is a Māori tribe descended from a common named ancestor or ancestors, and is usually comprised of a number of hapū.

Kāinga: home, address, residence, village, settlement, habitation, habitat, dwelling. (Source: maoridictionary.co.nz).

Mana whenua: the exercise of traditional authority over an area of land [whenua]. In the context of Te Kāhui Māngai, it is the area over which particular iwi and hapū claim historical and contemporary interests.

Manuhiri: visitor, guest. (Source: maoridictionary.co.nz).

Marae: a traditional meeting place for whānau, hapū, and iwi members usually characterised by a named wharenui [meeting house] and named wharekai [dining house]. Some marae are more commonly known by the name of their wharenui, which is usually named after a tupuna [ancestor].

Rohe: a tribal district; the area over which iwi and hapū claim mana whenua. Maps and text describing iwi rohe are reproduced according to information provided by their representative organisations. The iwi rohe page also lists the local authorities into whose districts the iwi rohe extends.

Tangata whenua / takata whenua: in relation to a particular area, tangata whenua means the iwi, or hapū, that holds mana whenua over that area.

Tikanga Māori: correct procedure, custom, habit, lore, method, manner, rule, way, code, meaning, plan, practice, convention, protocol – the customary system of values and practices that have developed over time and are deeply embedded in the social context. (Source: maoridictionary.co.nz).

Urban marae: non-traditional marae, not specifically associated with any particular hapū, although the mana whenua of the hapū / iwi at the marae site is often acknowledged. They often serve as meeting places for the wider community and may commonly also be called Community; Ngā Hau e Whā; Ngā Mātā Waka; or Pan-tribal marae.

Whakapapa: genealogy, genealogical table, lineage, descent – reciting whakapapa was, and is, an important skill and reflected the importance of genealogies in Māori society in terms of leadership, land and fishing rights, kinship and status. It is central to all Māori institutions. (Source: maoridictionary.co.nz).

Whanau: a family or extended family.

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