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Related classifications and standards

New Zealand

Please note: n = number.

Usual residence n years ago and usual residence are used to derive the usual residence n years ago indicator, which describes the relationship between a respondents usual residence n years ago and their usual residence on the date that the data is collected.

Usual residence n years ago is linked to the standard geographic classifications used by Statistics New Zealand. Any changes to Statistics New Zealand’s area unit pattern may affect usual residence n years ago. Usual residence n years ago is also linked to the classification for country.

International

The definition for usual residence n years ago in this standard is comparable with the United Nations' recommended definition. The United Nations however, refer to ‘place of residence at a specified date in the past’ and define it as:

"…the major or smaller division, or the foreign country, in which the individual resided at a specified date preceding the census."

The United Nations also states that:

The reference date chosen should be the one most useful for national purposes and that in most cases this has been deemed to be one year or five years preceding the census.

No matter what previous date is used, provision must be made for the treatment of infants and young children not yet born at that date.

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