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Classification and coding process

Classification criteria

The two main criteria underlying the classification of status in employment are:

Economic risk

A worker who assumes some or all of the risk in operating an economic entity is likely to be either an employer or a self–employed person, otherwise a worker is likely to be an employee.

Economic control

Who decides how and when an employed person's work is to be performed. For example, if a particular worker decides for him or herself they are probably either self–employed or an employer, whereas if some other person makes these decisions a worker is most likely to be an employee.

Classification

The classification of employment status is a flat classification with 4 categories – excluding residual categories.

The residual categories are defined in Glossary and references.

The full classification is available in Download of classification.

Coding process

To help resolve multiple answers to single response questions, refer to answers to related questions.

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