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Definition

Definition

Labour force status is a derived variable that classifies people aged 15 years and over according to their inclusion or exclusion from the labour force.

The following supporting concepts are defined in Glossary and references:

  • age
  • employed
  • labour force
  • persons not in the labour force
  • unemployed
  • working–age population

Explanatory notes

The variables age, job indicator, found work, seeking work, job search methods and available for work are used together to derive labour force status.

The statistical standards for labour force status and status in employment are closely related. Labour force status classifies people according to their inclusion or exclusion from the labour force. Status in employment examines those people in the labour force who are employed. In the statistical standard for status in employment there are two broad categories of workers: those who work for others (employees) and those who work for themselves (self employed). The self employed can be further subdivided into employers and self employed and not employing others.

The population measured using labour force status differs between surveys because of the nature of their coverage. For example, the Census of Population and Dwellings measures the labour force status of all New Zealand residents aged 15 years and over. However the Household Labour Force Survey is restricted to the non–institutionalised civilian population and thus excludes the armed forces and people in institutions.

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