Stats NZ has a new website.

For new releases go to

www.stats.govt.nz

As we transition to our new site, you'll still find some Stats NZ information here on this archive site.

  • Share this page to Facebook
  • Share this page to Twitter
  • Share this page to Google+
Glossary and references

Glossary

Blended step-family

A couple family, with two or more children, where at least one child is a step-child of one member of the couple and at least one child is the birth/biological or adopted child of both members of the couple. That is the partners in the couple must have a birth/biological or adopted child together, while one or both partners can bring step children to the relationship. All family members must have usual residence in the same household. The children do not have a partner or children of their own living in the household. Blended step-families may contain, but do not have to include ‘grandchildren’ and ‘other children’.

Birth/biological, adopted child

A child who is related to his or her parents by biology, legal registration on the child's birth certificate, or adoption.

Birth/biological, adopted parent

A parent who is related to his or her children by biology, legal registration on the child's birth certificate, or adoption.

Child (birth/biological, adopted, step-, grand- or other)

A child is a person of any age who must have usual residence with at least one parent, and have no partner or child(ren) of their own living in the same household.

Note: for the purposes of the family type classification, only 'children in a family nucleus' are counted as children.

Child in a family nucleus

To be a ‘child in a family nucleus’, a person must have usual residence with at least one parent, and have no partner or child(ren) of their own living in the same household. Note that ‘child(ren) in a family nucleus’ can be a person of any age.

Note: for the purposes of the family type classification, only 'children in a family nucleus' are counted as children.

Couple

Two people who are partnered only with each other. See partnered. There are three types of couples: opposite-sex, male and female. For the purposes of the family type classification a couple must have usual residence in the same household.

Couple with birth/biological, adopted children

A couple family containing at least one child who is the birth/biological or adopted child of both partners in the couple, and no step children, all of whom must have usual residence in the same household. The children do not have partners or children of their own living in the household. ‘Couple with birth/biological, adopted children’ families may contain, but do not have to include ‘grandchildren’ and ‘other children’.

Couple with child(ren)

A couple with child(ren), all of whom have usual residence together in the same household. The children do not have a partner or child(ren) of their own living in the household.

Couple with grandchildren

A couple family containing at least one child who is the grandchild of at least one of the partners in the couple and containing no birth/biological, adopted or step children of either partner in the couple. Grandparents and grandchildren must have usual residence in the same household. The grandchild does not usually reside with their parent(s) (birth/biological, adopted, step) and does not have a partner or child of their own living in the household. ‘Couple with grandchildren’ families may contain, but do not have to include ‘other children’.

Couple with other children only

A couple family, with one or more children, none of whom is the birth/biological, adopted, step-, or grandchild of either partner in the couple, e.g. foster children, children under guardianship, otherwise related or unrelated children. They must all have usual residence in the same household. The child(ren) do not have partners or child(ren) of their own living in the household and do not usually reside with their parent(s) or grandparent(s) (birth/biological, adopted or step).

Couple without children

A couple without children usually living together in a household.

Family nucleus

A couple, with or without child(ren), or one parent and their child(ren), all of whom have usual residence together in the same household. The children do not have partners or children of their own living in the household.

Note: for the purposes of the family type classification, only ‘children in a family nucleus’ are counted as children. To be a ‘child in a family nucleus’ a person must have usual residence with at least one parent, and have no partner or child(ren) of their own living in the same household. Note that ‘child(ren) in a family nucleus’ can be a person of any age.

Grandchild

The child of a persons child (birth/biological, adopted, step).

Note: for the purposes of the family type classification, only grandchildren who usually reside with their grandparents are counted as grandchildren. Grandchildren do not have a partner or child of their own and do not usually reside with their parent(s) (birth/biological, adopted, step).

Grandparent

The parent of a person's father or mother (birth/biological, adopted, step).

Note: for the purposes of the family type classification, only grandparents who usually reside with their grandchildren are counted as grandparents. The grandchildren do not have a partner or child of their own and do not usually reside with their parent(s) (birth/biological, adopted, step).

Household

One person who usually resides alone or two or more people who usually reside together and share facilities (such as eating facilities, cooking facilities, bathroom and toilet facilities, a living area).

Non-blended step-family

A couple family containing at least one step-child and no birth/biological or adopted child(ren) of both partners in the couple. One or both of the partners in the couple may bring step-children into the family, but they may not have a common birth/biological or adopted child. All family members must have usual residence in the same household. If the step-parent adopts the step-child(ren) the resulting family is no longer a step-family. ‘Non-blended step-families’ may contain, but do not have to include ‘grandchildren’ and ‘other children’.

One parent with birth/biological, adopted children

One parent with at least one child who is the birth/biological or adopted child of the parent, all of whom have usual residence together in the same household. The children do not have partners or children of their own living in the household. ‘One parent with birth/biological, adopted children’ families may contain, but do not have to include ‘grandchildren’ and ‘other children’.

One parent with child(ren)

One parent with child(ren), all of whom have usual residence together in the same household. The children do not have partners or children of their own living in the household.

One parent with grandchild(ren)

A one parent family containing at least one grandchild of the grandparent, and no birth/biological, adopted or step children of the grandparent. The grandparent and grandchild(ren) must have usual residence together in the same household. The grandchildren do not usually reside with their parent(s) (birth/biological, adopted, step) and do not have a partner or child of their own living in the household. ‘One parent with grandchild(ren)’ families may contain, but do not have to include ‘other children’.

One parent with other children only

A one parent family containing one 'person in a parent role' and at least one 'other child', none of whom is the birth/biological, adopted, step- or grandchild of the 'person in a parent role', all of whom must have usual residence in the same household. The children do not have partners or children of their own living in the household and do not usually reside with their parent(s) or grandparent(s) (birth/biological, adopted or step-).

Other child

‘Other children’ are children who usually reside with a ‘person in a parent role’ and who are not the birth/biological, adopted, step- or grandchild(ren) of the person in a parent role. ‘Other children’ do not have a partner or child of their own and do not usually reside with their mother or father (birth/biological, step or adopted) or grandparent. Examples include foster children, children under guardianship, or otherwise related or unrelated dependent children or dependent young persons. The specific criteria as to who is included or excluded from being an ‘other child’ should be defined by the survey.

Other parent

An 'other parent' is a person who is not a mother or father (birth/biological, adopted or step) or grandparent of the child but who nevertheless usually resides with that child. The child does not have a partner or child of their own and does not usually reside with their mother or father (birth/biological, adopted or step). An 'other parent' can be considered a parent according to current social norms regarding parenting. Examples of 'other parents' include foster parents, guardians of children or people acting in a parental role to otherwise related or unrelated dependent children or dependent young persons. The specific criteria as to who is included or excluded from being an 'other parent' should be defined by the survey.

Parent

The mother, father (birth/biological, adopted, or step), or ‘person in a parent role’ of a ‘child in a family nucleus’. A ‘person in a parent role’ is a person who is not a mother or father (birth/biological, adopted or step) of the child but who nevertheless usually resides with that child. The child does not have a partner or child of their own and does not usually reside with their mother or father (birth/biological, adopted or step). A person in a parent role can be considered a parent according to current social norms regarding parenting. The specific criteria as to who is included or excluded from being a ‘person in a parent role’ should be defined by the survey.

Note: for the purposes of the family type classification Census includes foster parents as 'parents' rather than 'people in a parent role' due to historical practices and operational constraints.

Person in a parent role

See parent.

Partnered

A person with whom another person is:

  • married to or in a civil union with, or
  • in a de facto relationship with

Civil unions and de facto relationships include both same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples.

Step-child

A child who is the birth/biological or adopted child of one partner in a couple but not the other.

Note: for the purposes of the family type classification, step-children are only found in couple with children families and cannot be included in one parent families.

Step-family

A couple family containing at least one step-child and which may or may not include birth/biological, adopted children of both partners in the couple. All family members must have usual residence in the same household. If the step-parent adopts the step-child, the resulting family is no longer a step-family. ‘Step-families’ may contain, but do not have to include ‘grandchildren’ and ‘other children’.

Step-parent

The partner of a parent with birth/biological or adopted child(ren). The step-parent is not the birth/biological or adopted parent of those child(ren).

Note: for the purposes of the family type classification, step-parents are only found in couple with children families and cannot be included in one parent families.

Usual Residence

Usual residence is the address of the dwelling where a person considers himself or herself to usually reside, except in the specific cases listed below.

  • Dependent children who board at another residence to attend primary or secondary school, and return to their parent’s(s’) or guardian’s(s’) home for the holidays, usually reside at the address of their parent(s) or guardian(s). Tertiary students usually reside at the address where they live while studying. If they give up their usual residence in the holidays (eg terminate the lease on a flat or give up their hostel room) and return to their parent/ guardians' home during the holidays their usual residence over that period would be their parent/ guardians' home.
  • Children in shared care usually reside at the place where they spend more nights, or if they spend equal amounts of time at each residence, they usually reside at the place where they are at the time of the survey.
  • People who are in rest homes, hospitals, prisons or other institutions, usually reside where they consider themselves to live, and this may include the institution.
  • A person whose home is on any ship, boat or vessel permanently located in any harbour shall be deemed to usually reside at the wharf or landing place (or main wharf or landing place) of the harbour.
  • A person from another country who has lived in New Zealand the past twelve months, or has the intention of living in New Zealand for twelve months or more, usually resides at his or her address in New Zealand (as in external migration).
  • People of no fixed abode have no usual residence. However, for enumeration purposes, a meshblock of usual residence is assigned to people of no fixed abode based on their location on the date of data collection. They are still recorded as having 'no fixed abode'.
  • People who spend equal amounts of time residing at different addresses, and can not decide which address is their usual residence, usually reside at the address they were surveyed at, assuming that they are not a visitor.
  • If none of the above guidelines apply, the person usually resides at the address he or she was surveyed at.

Residual categories

Not further defined (nfd)

This is used in hierarchical classifications for responses containing insufficient detail to be classified to the most detailed level of a classification, but which can be classified to a less detailed category further up the hierarchy.

Not further defined codes are usually constructed by taking the classification code for the level to which the category is being classified and adding trailing zeros for the remainder of the code. Thus, not further defined categories always end with a "0". For example, 3200 North Africa (not further defined).

Not further defined codes can be applied to all but the bottom level of any hierarchical classification if required.

Previous titles

Not further classifiable has been used previously for this category. This is no longer a valid alternative title.

References

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (1995). A Directory of Concepts and Standards for Social, Labour and Demographic Statistics: Volume I, Belconnen, ACT.

Statistics New Zealand (1995). New Zealand Standard Classification of Households and Families, Wellington.

Statistics New Zealand website, Classifications and Standards, http://www.stats.govt.nz/statistical-methods/classifications-standards/default.htm.

United Nations (1998). Recommendations for the 2000 Censuses of Population and Housing in the ECE Region, New York.

United Nations (2006). Conference of European Statisticians Recommendations for the 2010 Censuses of Population and Housing, Geneva.

  • Share this page to Facebook
  • Share this page to Twitter
  • Share this page to Google+
Top
  • Share this page to Facebook
  • Share this page to Twitter
  • Share this page to Google+