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Glossary and references

Glossary

Official name

The formal title by which a country is known and recognised by the New Zealand Government.

Short name

The name recognised by the New Zealand Government which is commonly used for a country in statistical and other publications.

Special Administrative Region

Special administrative regions are a part of the People’s Republic of China. There are currently only two: Hong Kong and Macau. They have a high degree of autonomy, separate political systems, and generally have responsibility for all issues except diplomatic relations and defence. For output purposes, Special Administrative Region may be abbreviated to SAR.

Residual categories

Not further defined (nfd)

A ‘not further defined’ (nfd) category is a type of residual category that appears within a hierarchical classification for responses that cannot be coded to the most detailed level of the classification but can be coded to a higher level of the classification. These categories never appear within classifications as stand-alone descriptors, but are combined with descriptors, often taken from a higher level in the classification.

Don’t know

Use of this category is discretionary. The use of a category capturing don't know responses is most applicable to household surveys where ‘don't know’ may be a legitimate response to certain questions.

Refused to answer

This category is only used when it is known that the respondent has purposefully chosen not to respond to the question. Use of this residual category in processing is optional. Its use is most applicable in face-to-face or telephone interviews, but may be used in self-completed questionnaires if the respondent has clearly indicated they refuse or object to answering the question.

Response unidentifiable

This category is used when there is a response given, but:

  • the response is illegible
  • it is unclear what the meaning or intent of the response is – this commonly occurs when the response being classified contains insufficient detail, is ambiguous or vague
  • the response is contradictory, for example, both the yes and no tick boxes have been ticked
  • the response is clear and seemingly within the scope of the classification, but can not be coded because no suitable option (particularly other residual category options such as 'not elsewhere classified' or 'not further defined') exists in the classification or codefile.

Response outside scope

This category is used for responses that are positively identified (that is, the meaning and the intent are clear) but which clearly fall outside the scope of the classification/topic as defined in the standard.

Not stated

This category is only used where a respondent has not given any response to the question asked, that is, it is solely for non-response.

References

References

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008a, updated 16 May). 1269.0 – Standard Australian classification of countries (SACC), 1998. Available from www.abs.gov.au.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008b, updated 3 July). 1269.0 – Australian standard classification of countries for social statistics (ASCCSS), 1990. Available from www.abs.gov.au.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011, updated 22 August). 1269.0 – Standard Australian classification of countries (SACC), 2011. Available from www.abs.gov.au.

ISO (nd). Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions ISO 3166-1:1997. Available from www.iso.org.

UN (nd). Standard country or area codes for statistical use. Available from http://unstats.un.org.

Statistics New Zealand (1999). New Zealand Standard Classification of Countries 1999. Wellington: Statistics New Zealand. 

Further reading

ISO (nd). Background on ISO 3166. Available from www.iso.org.  

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