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Glossary and references


Active smoking

The intentional inhalation of tobacco smoke by a smoker.


A cylinder of tobacco rolled in a tobacco leaf for smoking.


A small cigar (see cigar also).

Hand-rolled cigarettes

These are also known as roll–your–own cigarettes or colloquially as rollies, and are the same as manufactured cigarettes except that loose tobacco, cigarette papers and/or filters are purchased separately and hand–rolled by the smoker. Hand–rolled cigarettes include cigarettes rolled using hand–held rolling machines.

Health risk factor

Factors contributing to and causing death, disease and sickness which are related to the lifestyle of individuals and the community at large.

Manufactured cigarette

Also commonly referred to as tailor–made cigarettes, this is a cylinder of finely cut tobacco rolled in paper using mechanical production line techniques, and sold in packets of 20 or more.

Never smoked

Someone who never actively smoked manufactured or hand rolled tobacco cigarettes at all or never actively smoked one or more per day.

Passive smoking

The unintentional inhalation of tobacco smoke introduced into the atmosphere by smokers.


A wooden or metal narrow hollow tube with a bulb in the end containing burning tobacco through which smoke is inhaled.


The smoking of one or more cigarettes per day.

Regular smoker

Someone who actively smokes one or more manufactured or hand–rolled tobacco cigarettes per day.


Smoking refers to the active smoking of manufactured or hand–rolled cigarettes.


The leaves of any plant of the genus Nicotiana as prepared for smoking.

Residual categories

Don’t know

Use of this category is discretionary. The use of a category capturing don't know responses is most applicable to household surveys where don't know may be a legitimate response to certain questions.

Refused to answer

This category is only used when it is known that the respondent has purposefully chosen not to respond to the question. Use of this residual category in processing is optional. Its use is most applicable in face–to–face or telephone interviews, but may be used in self–completed questionnaires if the respondent has clearly indicated they refuse or object to answering the question.

Response unidentifiable

This category is used when there is a response given, but:

  • the response is illegible, or
  • it is unclear what the meaning or intent of the response is; this most commonly occurs when the response being classified contains insufficient detail, is ambiguous or is vague, or
  • the response is contradictory eg, both the yes and no tick boxes have been ticked, or
  • the response is clear and seemingly within the scope of the classification but can not be coded because no suitable option (particularly other residual category options such as 'not elsewhere classified' or 'not further defined') exists in the classification or codefile.
Response outside scope

This category is used for responses that are positively identified (ie the meaning and the intent are clear) but which clearly fall outside the scope of the classification/topic as defined in the standard.

Not stated

This category is only used where a respondent has not given any response to the question asked, ie it is solely for non–response.

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