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Glossary and references

Glossary

ANZSIC

Australia New Zealand Standard Industry Classification. Unless otherwise specified, ANZSIC refers to the 2006 version.

Broadband

A high-speed connection to the Internet also referred to as non-analogue. It can allow for multiple services to work at the same time, eg telephone, cable TV, and Internet access. Broadband is an ‘always on’ service and includes digital subscriber line (DSL), cable, fibre optic, satellite, cellular, and fixed wireless.

Cable

A broadband transmission technology using coaxial cable or fibre-optic TV cable lines to access the Internet.

Dial-up

A way of connecting a computer to the Internet using a modem and the telephone line.

Dial-up connection

A connection to the Internet via a dial-up modem and software that uses the public switched telephone network (PSTN). Includes integrated services digital network (ISDN) and analogue connections.

Digital subscriber line (DSL)

A type of broadband that carries data at high speeds over traditional (copper) telephone lines. DSL allows for simultaneous voice and data transmission.

Global positioning system (GPS)

A system of satellites and receiving devices used to compute positions on Earth. It is used in navigation, and to determine geographical coordinates and local time.

Information and communication technology (ICT)

Electronic technologies used for collecting, processing, or transmitting information, which can be in the form of voice, images, or data. Examples of ICT include computers, the Internet, and telecommunications.

Internet

An international computer network linking computers from educational institutions, government agencies, industries, and individuals, etc.

Internet Service Providers (ISPs)

Businesses that supply Internet connections to individuals, households, businesses, and other organisations.

Mobile cellular phone

Also known as mobile phone, cell phone. A portable, wireless telephone that can be used at long ranges (not a cordless phone, which has a limited range).

New Zealand Harmonised System Classification

Commodity classification based on the World Customs Organization’s (WCO) Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS)

Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development

Comprises members of Eurostat, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), four United Nations Regional Commissions (the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the UN Regional Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNECLAC), the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and the UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UNESCWA)), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics (UIS), the UN ICT Task Force, and the World Bank.

References

International Telecommunications Union (2005) Measuring ICT: The global status of ICT indicators. United Nations ICT Task Force

International Telecommunications Union (2009) Manual for measuring ICT access and use by households and individuals. United Nations ICT Task Force

International Telecommunications Union (2011) Handbook for the collection of administrative data on telecommunications/ICT. ITU, Place des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland

International Telecommunications Union (2012) Measuring the Information Society. ITU, Place des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland

ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 (2012) The force multiplier for ICT innovation - Information Technology standards.

OECD (2005) Guide to measuring the information society. DSTI/ICCP/IIS(2005)6/FINAL. Available from www.oecd.org.

OECD (2013) Key ICT indicators. Available from www.oecd.org

Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development (2009, February) Revisions and additions to the core list of ICT indicators. Background document for the 40th session of the United Nations Statistical Commission, New York. Available from http://unstats.un.org.

Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development (2010) Core ICT Indicators 2010. ITU, Place des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland

Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development (2011) Measuring the WSIS targets: A statistical framework. ITU, Place des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland

Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development (2012, February–March) Report of the Partnership on measuring information and communication technologies for development. E/CN.3/2012/12 Presented to the 43rd session of the United Nations Statistical Commission, New York. Available from http://unstats.un.org

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (2009) Manual for the production of statistics on the information economy – revised 2009 edition. Available from http://unstats.un.org

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