The data in this indicator is no longer being updated.

Stats NZ is developing well-being indicators, Indicators Aotearoa New Zealand - Ngā Tūtohu Aotearoa, to track New Zealand’s progress. As the well-being indicators have similar aims to the NZ Progress Indicators and NZ Social Indicators, we are reviewing the future of these existing indicators.

Please contact us at if you have any questions.

Look through the indicators listed below for an insight into the social dimension of progress.

Trend key: Tick Positive change   Neutral change  Cross Negative change
Trends are assessed in relation to sustainable development.

  • Access to early childhood education

    Tick Since 2000, the gap in participation rates across different ethnic groups has narrowed, and participation rates for all groups have increased

  • Adult educational attainment

    Tick The proportion of adults with at least secondary school qualifications has increased by 16 percent since 1991

  • Disposable income

    Tick  Except for 2009, average disposable income has increased every year since 1992

  • Health expectancy

    Tick  Between 1996 and 2013, health expectancy at birth increased 0.1 years for females and 1.4 years for males

  • Income inequality

    Cross  Between 1988 and 2015, income inequality between households with high incomes and those with low incomes widened

  • Physical safety

    Tick  Between 1987 and 2012, the rate of death from assault per 100,000 people decreased 40 percent

  • Population with low incomes

    Cross Since 1988, the proportion of the population in households with low incomes has increased

  • Speakers of te reo Māori

      The proportion of Māori able to hold an everyday conversation in the Māori language has decreased by 3.7 percent between 1996 and 2013

  • Unemployment rate

    Cross Annual unemployment rate has increased from 1987

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