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Housing

Home ownership in Auckland lower than other regions

In the 2013 Census, 61.5 percent of Auckland households owned, or partly owned, their home (including those held in a family trust), down from 63.8 percent in 2006. Home ownership in Auckland is lower than most other regions, with 66.2 percent of households in the rest of New Zealand owning or partly owning their own home. The only region with a lower level of home ownership than Auckland was Gisborne, at 59.2 percent.

Aucklanders spend more income on housing costs

Housing affordability contributes to people’s overall well-being. Higher housing costs relative to income may mean that households don’t have enough money to meet other basic needs. The Household Economic Survey 2014/15 showed that households in Auckland spend more of their income on housing than households elsewhere in New Zealand. In 2015, households in Auckland spent an average of 18.8 percent of their income on housing, compared with 14.4 percent for the rest of New Zealand. The average mortgage payment for Auckland households was $501.30 per week compared with $348.90 for the rest of New Zealand.

Table 4

Housing costs as a percentage of total household income – Auckland region and rest of New Zealand, 2014/15
 Percent of households  Housing cost as a percentage of total income
 25% or more  30% or more  40% or more
 Auckland region  36.8  28.1  16.8
 Rest of New Zealand  26.9  19.4  11.2
 Source: Statistics New Zealand

Auckland’s average household size the highest in New Zealand

The 2013 Census showed that the average household size in Auckland was 3.0 people per household, compared with an overall New Zealand average of 2.7 people. Within Auckland, the Mangere-Otahuhu local board had the highest average household size, at 4.0 people per household.

Analysis of 2013 Census data found that more than 200,000 people in Auckland lived in crowded conditions, making up 8.3 percent of Auckland households (Goodyear & Fabian, 2014). Auckland had around half of all crowded households in New Zealand, even though it had just less than one-third of all households.

Census data showed that crowding was highest among Pacific peoples and there are a higher proportion of Pacific peoples living in the Auckland region than other regions in New Zealand. Research indicates a relationship between household crowding and risk of illness, particularly due to transmission of close-contact infectious diseases (Baker, McDonald, Zhang, & Howden-Chapman, 2013).

Housing density increased in Auckland between 2001 and 2013, from 85.5 to 102.0 dwellings per square kilometre. In 2013, nearly 1 in 4 occupied private dwellings in Auckland were joined to others, compared with 1 in 5 in 2001.

Self-perceived housing problems similar across New Zealand

The proportion of Aucklanders that reported problems with cold, dampness, or mould were similar to the rest of New Zealand, but fewer Aucklanders thought their houses required repairs or maintenance.

In the 2014 NZGSS, 48 percent of respondents said their house or flat was colder than they would like, and 32 percent had a minor or major problem with dampness or mould. These proportions are the same as for the rest of New Zealand.

The proportion of Aucklanders who said their houses or flats need minor to extensive repairs or maintenance was 60 percent, compared with 67 percent for the rest of New Zealand.

Like the rest of New Zealand, renters in Auckland are more likely than owner-occupiers to have self-perceived housing problems:

Table 5

Proportion of people in the Auckland region with self-perceived housing problems
By housing tenure, 2014
   Renter  Owner-occupier
 %  %
 Repairs and maintenance needed  64  57
 Problem with dampness or mould  46  24
 House or flat colder than would like  62  39
 Source: Statistics New Zealand

 

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